Rajgir is a holy city located at a distance of 90 Kms from patna, capital of bihar. Rajgir is a famous tourist place and also a pilgrimage center for Hindus, Jains, Bhuddhists and Muslims because of their religious connections from ancient times to medieval period.
Places to visit and tourist attractions in rajgir
The word Rajgir is derived from its ancient name rajgriha which means a royal house. Being an ancient city and glorious historical heritage, Rajgir has multiple places to visit as a tourist. Its scenic natural beauty also adds value to that. Below are top and best tourist places to visit in rajgir.
Also known as Brahmakund or Garam Pani ka Jharna or Garam Kund, Hot water spring is a major attraction of rajgir and one of the most famous tourist destination of bihar. Its a holy place for hindus due to its religious significance. Devotees come here to bathe in the hot water spring flowing down the hill in seven streams in order to get rid of their evils and attainment of moksha after death. Apart from this, it is believed to have medicinal property of curing muscular and joint pains.
A place where Jarasandha, The famous king of Magadh according to hindu mythology during mahabharta time , used to practice wrestling and other contemporary form of indian martial arts. Jarasandha’s Akhara is located at a distance of 3 Kms from rajgir.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa (Peace Pagoda)
Dedicated to Lord Buddha, Vishwa Shanti Stupa is a stupa on the top of Griddhakuta hill at an altitude of 1000 feet. It is located at a distance of 3 Kms from rajgir town. The place can be reached both by stairs and Ariel rope way.
It is believed that Griddhakuta Peak used to be the home of Lord buddha during his stay at rajgir. The place has profound connection with buddhism as buddha had delivered few of his sermons here. There are two caves with buddha embossed images, buddhist shrines and remains of a brick stupa lie at this place. One can reach here using stone paths from the Shanti stupa.
Also known as sonbhandar(gold deposit), located in two caves known as eastern and western caves is a place associated with jainism according to inscription found on the wall of the cave. The place is mysterious because of the belief that behind the walls of the caves, there is hidden deposit of gold which is supposed to be the treasure of magadh empire. Although many unsuccessful attempts have been made in past to break the walls of the caves to recover the gold.
A four meter high and 40 Kms long wall made up of stones encircling the rajgir city is a major tourist attraction. Estimated to be built by mauryan kings 2500 years ago primarily with the purpose of protecting their capital from external invaders and enemies. Today, most of its part exist in ruins.
Lies in rajgir hills, Saptaparni cave is a sacred place for both Hindus and Buddhists. It is believed that after buddha attained nirvana, The first buddhist council was held at Saptaparni cave during the rule of ajatshatru in 400 BC with the objective of preserving the precious buddha teachings.
Ajatshatru imprisoned his father bimbisar at this place in order to succeed his throne. Bimbisar Jail is a must visit place for tourist as they can experience the primary reason behind the great king of magadh chose this place for his imprisonment so that he could see Lord buddha climbing to gridhkut peak where he used to deliver his sermons.
Built by the king Ajatshatru during his rule over the magadh empire around 2500 years ago, The Ajatshatru fort as it’s popularly known today is having its existence in ruins and hardly seems to be a fort in first glance. However, it’s a great spot and tourist attraction in rajgir.
Also having historical significance of Mahabharata era, Pandu Pokhar today is a place of major tourist attraction in rajgir. It’s a theme cum adventure park which is first of its kind in bihar. The place have several adventure activities set up which include Burma bridge, bungee jumping, fishing, boating, aqua zorbing, boating and many more. Apart from this Pandu Pokhar has a meditation hall for mind and body relaxation in tranquil environment.
During his stay in rajgir, Lord Buddha used to bathe in this pond. Karanda Tank is a major attraction for tourists and followers of buddhism.
The ruins of dispensary of royal physician jivaka during the rule of ajatshatru and bimbisar, Jivakameavan gardens is located at a distance of one km from rajgir. This is the place where jivaka treated lord buddha once when he got wounded.
A 30 feet long deeply cut rock path believed to be constructed by Lord Krishna Chariot when he visited rajgir during Mahabharata times. Chariot route marks, also known as Chariot wheel marks is worth visiting for tourists traveling to rajgir. A non decrypted script engraved on rocks around the Chariot marks adds to the mystery.
This cave lies on vaibhava hill above the brahmkund or hot water spring. Also popularly known as pippala Cave or “Jarasandh ki baithak” on the name of king Jarasandh contemporary to Lord krishna as described in epic Mahabharata. It was basically used as watch tower during ancient times and later on turned into spiritual place where hermits used to reside and meditate.
Ghora Katora is basically a lake with picturesque location surrounded by hills. The place is an ideal picnic spot and good for sightseeing. It is located at a distance of 20 Kms from rajgir. One has to come at the foothills of vishwa shanti stupa, from where the place can be reached only by horse cart or tanga.
Believed to be the residence of lord buddha during his stay in rajgir, Venu van has been developed in an artificial forest mainly of bamboo trees. One can enjoy extreme peace and tranquility there.
How to Reach Rajgir
It is well connected by road and train network to other parts of bihar and india. The nearest domestic airport is patna which have regular flights from delhi, lucknow, mumbai and bangalore. One can arrive patna or gaya and take taxi or cab to reach rajgir.