Mountaineering In India: One of the major adventure tourism activity
Mountaineering is slightly different from trekking because this adventure activity done particularly on high elevation compare to trekking. Mountaineering also demands a completely professional attitude along with proper training prior to the start. For a high level of mountaineering, a person has to be gone through a professional training program where they can get to know about the different steps to successfully participate in a summit. Mountaineers need to have some special equipment and their use before start any such summit. In other words we can say that mountaineering is an expansive adventure activity and it demands also a high level of mental and physical stamina.
The mountains cover and its high Himalayan peaks have been attracting not only foreign climbers but also Indian climbers. When we talk about first Indian professional climbers, the name of Kishan Singh and Nain Singh comes in mind. Both were known as the first Indian mountaineers. An enormous number of our countrymen and women have been successful climbers even with fewer gears such as Tenzing Norgay and Bachedri Pal whose names are top on the list. As the time departs, Everest climbing has converted into a complete commercialized mountaineering activity. A huge number of climbers from various countries are ready to spend thousands of dollars to the Nepal Govt. for taking their helpful services in the form of Sherpa, adventure equipment, transportation etc to climb Everest and other Himalayan peaks lie in India and Nepal. It has also become the greatest source of foreign exchange and reconfirms the economic value of mountaineering for both countries.
Famous Places for Mountaineering in India:
The Northern part of India offers many ranges of snow-capped Himalayan peaks, deep valleys and glaciers like that in Tourists attractions Himachal Pradesh. There are approx 150 peaks in every 20 to 25 km on an average peak has more than 5500 meters high. Many of them are even unclimbed and obviously unnamed too.
There are a series of mountain peaks in the great Himalaya such as Pir Punjal, Zanskar, Ladakh and Karakoram ranges passing through the state of Jammu-Kashmir. The elevations of these peaks are between 5K to 7K meters approx. Climbers can even take a mesmerizing view of India’s Neighbour from the top of these peaks.
The great Himalaya of Uttrakhand has a good advantage because of its closeness from Delhi. Uttrakhand’s GauMukh glacier which is also the source of Holy Ganga river is supposed to be one of the best mountaineering regions in all over the world. There is a congregation of a number of glaciers, lakes on high altitude and beautiful snow-capped peaks.
Northeast Indian state Sikkim Himalaya opens a window to the traditions of its people by viewing curtains and prayer flags all along the mountain trail. There is five area in North Sikkim have high elevated peaks and Kunchan Junga reaching the height of 8000 meters, but only two are open for the mountaineering activity among them due to the sensitive border with Tibet. Not only climbers but also common travelers have speechless to walk at the height of 3800 meters in these areas of Sikkim because of its beautiful landscape including glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, ice caves etc.
In India, There are three most famous Mountaineering institutes located at Manali, Darjeeling, and Uttarkashi. They help in organizing and sponsoring the mountaineering expeditions as per their calendar every year. Beside it, the mountaineering foundations at Delhi also coordinate with climbers and provide information regarding weather bulletin on regular interval before and during expeditions. They are also responsible for protecting fragile environment in the high elevation sector of Indian Himalayas.